On October 20, 1957, incumbent New York City mayoral candidate Robert F. Wagner, Jr. stopped for a classic Coney Island treat – a All-American hot dog. On his way to a second-term landslide victory, Democrat Wagner’s alignment with Carmine DeSapio’s Tammany Hall machine during his first election in 1953 instigated a intra-party feud between DeSapio and Presidential Widow Eleanor Roosevelt, whose husband Franklin had previously stripped the long-standing political society from federal patronage. Tammany Hall’s 140-year influence over the city had begun to wane in the 1930’s, with the election of Republican Mayor Fiorello La Guardia on a Fusion ticket. The 1953 DeSapio-Wagner alliance resulted in a brief resurgence of machine politics in the 1950’s.
Mayor Wagner, a Yale graduate and Scroll and Key member, was born in Manhattan in 1910, the son of U. S. Senator Robert Ferdinand Wagner, Sr. During his tenure in Gotham he was instrumental in building public housing and schools, creating the City University of New York system, establishing the right of collective bargaining for city employees, and barring housing discrimination based on race, creed or color. He is said to be the first mayor to pro-actively hire a significant number of people of color into city government positions. The city’s performing arts jewel, the Lincoln Center, was developed while Wagner was in office. The Public Theater’s New York Shakespeare Festival (now known as Shakespeare in the Park) also took shape during his tenure. His administration’s inaction led to the out-of-town migration of the Giants and Dodgers baseball teams, although a subsequent commission he formed led to the birth of the New York Mets.
Wagner broke with DeSapio and Tammany Hall during his third-term mayoral campaign in 1961. His victory set a milestone in New York City, and local machine politics thereafter entered a decline.